Body & Injuries

What can we do to prevent sports injuries?
This content describes some of the more common sports injuries, how to recognize and how to avoid them.



The shoulder has the largest range of motion of all the joints in the human body.
The shoulder is capable of dynamic movements, however, it is unstable and vulnerable to injuries like dislocation.



The elbow plays an important role in movements related to balls and adjusting the speed of balls.
The elbow is made of three bones, three ligaments and three joints. These parts work with several muscles to enable the elbow’s complex functions.



The wrist consists of the carpal bones (eight small bones), radius, ulna and various muscles and tendons. The muscles and tendons contribute to wrist motion.



The thumb joint is designed to give a large range of motion.
Thumb has three bones and three joints, and these enable dynamic movement.



The knee has the most complicated joint and plays a pivotal role.
The knee is the most intricate and unstable part of the human body.
As it plays a pivotal role in many movements involved in sports, it bears heavy weight and stress and tends to get injured.

Thigh / Calf / Shin


A pulled muscle is a typical thigh or calf injury. It occurs during sports or exercise, and in severe case, the muscle can be partially torn. When a muscle is pulled, the swiftness and suitability of treatment will determine the speed of recovery.



Foot fatigue is the result of the plantar arch continually falling downward, and the repetitive outward shift of the heel.

Ankle & Achilles tendon


The ankle can easily be injured by sudden stress or external shocks.
The ankle is composed of a group of small, thick bones and short ligaments.
These bones and ligaments support the full weight of the body and allow for quick movements such as walking, running and jumping.


Calf’s pumping function

The calf is called as the “second heart” because it helps send blood back to the heart by contracting and relaxing its muscles. However, it gradually weakens and sets up foot fatigue.


Purpose of Icing

Icing the injured area is an effective first-aid measure that promotes early recovery. However, if performed incorrectly, icing can delay recovery from injury. Icing is also useful for relieving muscle fatigue. Learn about proper icing techniques.